Ibn Muqla is highly regarded in Muslim sources on calligraphy as the inventor of the naskh style, although this seems to be erroneous. Qur'an, as well as suspicion of figurative art as idolatrous, has led calligraphy to become one of the major forms of artistic expression in Islamic cultures. "A1one in Tehran iran". The Archaic Kufi consisted of about 17 letters without diacritic dots or accents.
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Standardization of the style was pioneered by Ibn Muqla (886 940.D.) and later expanded by Abu Hayan at-Tawhidi (died 1009.D.) and Muhammad Ibn Abd ar-Rahman (.D.). "I like to write Beirut as its the city that gave us everything", The Daily Star, Beirut, 09 February 2013 Vandalog. Few of the artists working in this field, had knowledge of each other, allowing for different manifestations of hurufiyyah to emerge in different regions. List of calligraphers edit Some classical calligraphers: Medieval Ottoman era Contemporary See also edit References edit a b c d Blair, Sheila.; Bloom, Jonathan. Thuluth ( ulu). A b c d e f Kvernen, Elizabeth (2009). 12 Nasta'liq is a cursive style originally devised to write the Persian language for literary and non-Qur'anic works. "Gallery", Haji Noor Deen.